This article presents a simulation study of the injection molding of a macroscopic part with microfeatures; an optical grating with amplitude 0.6 μm and period 3 μm. The aim of the simulations is to develop a procedure capable of predicting the replication of optical gratings based on the injection molding processing parameters. Three coupled simulations are performed. 1.) A macroscopic simulation of the flow in the part without microfeatures. 2.) A microscale flow simulation in a domain around a single microfeature using the pressure from the macroscopic simulation as input. 3.) A thermal simulation of the mold wall coupled to the microscale simulation. In the simulations the polymer melt is treated as a generalized Newtonian fluid. Shear viscosity and thermal properties were characterized as part of the study. Other physical effects such as wall adhesion and elasticity are discussed, but not included in the present model. The simulation results agree well with the experimental replication data, and correctly describe how small changes in the mold temperature can lead to large changes in the replication.
From T. R. Tofteberg 1 | E. Andreassen 1
1SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Oslo, Norway
Appeared in International Polymer Processing 2010/01, Page 63-74
Direct link: http://www.polymer-process.com/IPP2318
Multiscale Simulation of Injection Molding of Parts with Low Aspect Ratio Microfeatures [532 KB]
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